PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DAN BERAT BADAN LAHIR RENDAH PADA BALITA STUNTING DI WILAYAH DESA TANAK BEAK NUSA TENGGARA BARAT

NOVIANTI TYSMALA DEWI, WIWIN LASTYANA

Abstract


Stunting is an indicator of health in toddlers, namely chronic nutritional status which results in stunted growth and development. Low birth weight and lack of exclusive breastfeeding are factors that can cause stunting in toddlers. The aim of this research is to analyze differences in exclusive breastfeeding and birth weight among stunted toddlers in the Tanak Beak Village area, West Nusa Tenggara. The research design was cross sectional with a research sample of 60 stunted toddlers aged 6-59 months who were collected using a purposive sampling method. Nutritional status data was collected by measuring using a baby length board and stadiometer with the criteria of a Z-score TB/U or PB/U of less than -2 SD. Data on characteristics and exclusive breastfeeding were obtained through interviews and birth weight was obtained from secondary data from the Community Health Center. Data were analyzed using T-test. The results of the study showed that there was no significant difference in low birth weight (p=0.882) in stunted toddlers, while there was a difference in exclusive breastfeeding (p=0.041) in stunted toddlers in the posyandu1 and posyandu2 areas. The conclusion is that there is no difference in low birth weight in stunted toddlers, while there is a difference in exclusive breastfeeding in stunted toddlers in the posyandu1 and posyandu2 areas. There is a need to increase coverage and efforts to improve the quality of exclusive breastfeeding to optimize efforts to prevent stunting.


Keywords


Stunting, Exclusive Breasfeeding, Low Birth Weight

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adriani, M. and Wirjatmadi, B. (2014) Gizi dan Kesehatan Balita : peranan mikro zink pada pertumbuhan balita.Jakarta: KENCANA Prenada Media Group.

Alam, S., & Bahar, B. (2021). Interventions in Nutrition Education for Improving the Performance of Integrated Health Care. Al-Sihah: The Public Health Science Journal, 13(1), 100. https://doi.org/10.24252/al-sihah.v13i1.21461

Dewi, N. T., & Widari, D. (2018). Hubungan Berat Badan Lahir Rendah dan Penyakit Infeksi dengan Kejadian Stunting pada Baduta di Desa Maron Kidul Kecamatan Maron Kabupaten Probolinggo. Amerta Nutr, 24–33. https://doi.org/10.2473/amnt.v2i4.2018.373-381

Fahmida, U., Hidayat, A. T., Oka, A. A. S. I., Suciyanti, D., Pathurrahman, P., & Wangge, G. (2022). Effectiveness of an Integrated Nutrition Rehabilitation on Growth and Development of Children under Five Post 2018 Earthquake in East Lombok, Indonesia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052814

Fitri, L. (2018). Hubungan Berat Badan Lahir Rendah dan ASI Eksklusif dengan Kejadian Stunting di Puskesmas Lima Puluh Pekanbaru. Jurnal Endurance, 3(1), 131. https://doi.org/10.22216/jen.v3i1.1767

Hartiningrum, I. and Fitriyah, N. (2019) „Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah (BBLR) di Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2012-2016‟, Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan. Available at: https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:135409122.

Hizriyani, R. (2021) „PEMBERIAN ASI EKSLUSIF SEBAGAI PENCEGAHAN STUNTING‟, Jurnal Jendela Bunda Program Studi PG-PAUD Universitas Muhammadiyah Cirebon, 8, pp. 55–62. doi: 10.32534/jjb.v8i2.1722.

M Mufdillah (2017) Buku Pedoman Pemberdayaan Ibu Menyusui pada Program ASI Eksklusif (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta). Yogyakarta.

Mustamin, M., Asbar, R. and Budiawan, B. (2018) „Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan Ibu Dan Pemberian Asi Eksklusif Dengan Kejadian Stunting Pada Balita Di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan Tahun 2015‟, Media Gizi Pangan, 25(1), p. 25. doi: 10.32382/mgp.v25i1.56.

Nurillah Amalia, Kencana Sari, & Indri Yunita Suryaputri. (2016). Panjang Badan Lahir Pendek Sebagai Salah Satu Faktor Determinan Keterlambatan Tumbuh Kembang Anak Umur 6-23 Bulan di Kelurahan Jaticempaka, Kecamatan Pondok Gede, Kota Bekasi. Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan.

Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia. (2020). Peraturan Presiden Nomor 18 Tahun 2020 tentang Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Menengah Nasional tahun 2020-2024.

https://peraturan.bpk.go.id/Home/Details/131386/perpres-no-18-tahun-2020

Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia. (2021). Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia nomor 72 tahun 2021 tentang Percepatan Penurunan Stunting. https://peraturan.bpk.go.id/Home/Download/168225/Perpres%20Nomor%2072%20Tahun%202021.pdf

Sr, A., & Sampe, S. A. (2020). Hubungan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif Dengan Kejadian Stunting Pada Balita. Juni, 11(1), 448–455. https://doi.org/10.35816/jiskh.v10i2.314

Syarifah Liza Munira. (2023). Sosialisasi Kebijakan Intervensi Stunting Hasil Survei Status Gizi Indonesia (SSGI) 2022. https://promkes.kemkes.go.id/materi-hasil-survei-status-gizi-indonesia-ssgi-2022

Tara Nur Fadilah, Sri Dinengsih, & Risza Choirunissa. (2020). Hubungan antara Karakteristik Maternal dengan Kejadian Stunting pada Balita di Posyandu Kenanga 1 Wilayah Puskesmas Cilandak Barat. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Dan Kebidanan, IX no.2(Juni).

Valeriani, D., Prihardini Wibawa, D., Safitri, R., Apriyadi, R., Studi Ekonomi, P., Ekonomi, F., Bangka Belitung, U., Manajemen, J., Teknik Sipil, J., Teknik, F., Agroteknologi, J., & Pertanian Perikanan dan Biologi, F. (2022). Menuju Zero Stunting Tahun 2023 Gerakan Pencegahan Dini Stunting Melalui Edukasi pada Remaja di Kabupaten Bangka. Jurnal Pustaka Mitra.

World Health Organization. (2018). Reducing Stunting in Children : Equity considerations for achieving the Global Nutrition Targets 2025. World Health Organization. http://apps.who.int/iris

Yuniar, W. P. et al. (2020) „Hubungan antara Perilaku Gizi dan Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) dengan Status Gizi Baduta Di Kabupaten Cirebon‟, Amerta Nutrition, 4(2), p. 155. doi: 10.20473/amnt.v4i2.2020.155-164.

Yuni Nur‟afiah, & Nopian Hendriana, A. (2022). Program “Gebrak Stunting” sebagai Upaya Pencegahan Stunting di Desa Sukasenang Kecamatan Sindangkasih. Jurnal Kependudukan,Keluarga,Dan Sumber Daya Manusia, 3(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.37269/pancanaka.v3i1.106




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35327/gara.v17i4.659

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 GANEC SWARA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

TERINDEKS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


_______________________________

Ganec Swara

Published by UNMAS Denpasar K. Mataram |
Email: ganecswara@gmail com; aminullahmtk@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

    
Stat Pengunjung GARA